Living In Space……

Living in Space

20.12.12

Living in space is not the same as living on Earth. Many things are different. Our bodies change in space. The way we stay clean and neat is different too. Learn how astronauts stay strong, clean and neat.

Staying Strong

Astronaut on a treadmill in space
Image above: An astronaut walks on a treadmill to stay strong and healthy

Living in space is not the same as living on Earth. In space, astronauts’ bodies change. On Earth, our lower body and legs carry our weight. This helps keep our bones and muscles strong. In space, astronauts float. They do not use their legs much. Their lower backs begin to lose strength. Their leg muscles do too. The bones begin to get weak and thin. This is very bad for astronauts’ bodies. So, how do astronauts help their muscles and bones? They must exercise in space every day.

The heart and blood change in space, too. When we stand up on Earth, blood goes to our legs. The heart has to work extra hard against gravity to move the blood all around the body. In space, without the pull of gravity, the blood moves to the upper body and head. Water in the body also does the same thing. It makes the astronauts’ faces look puffy. The blood and water are fluids in the body. These fluids move from the bottom of the body to the top. The brain thinks that there are too many fluids. It will tell the body to make less. When the astronauts come back to Earth, they do not have enough fluids in their systems. It takes their bodies a few days to make more blood and water. The astronauts have to rest so their bodies have time to make new blood and water. If they don’t, they can feel very weak. They might even faint!

Staying Clean

Astronaut brushes teeth while in space
Image above: An astronaut brushes his teeth while in space

On Earth, people need to stay clean. In space, astronauts need to stay clean, too. Staying clean takes more work in space. In space, the astronauts do not have a bathroom as we have at home. But, they do have their own toothbrushes, toothpaste, combs, brushes, and shavers. These are kept in a Personal Hygiene Kit.

Astronauts use toothpaste and toothbrushes just like yours. There is no sink like yours on the Space Shuttle, though. Astronauts have to spit into a washcloth.

People take baths a different way in space, too. Astronauts use special kinds of soap and shampoo. These soaps do not need water to rinse. Astronauts must use them carefully. They do not let the soap bubbles go all over the place. After washing, they use a towel to dry off. They do not rinse. These special soaps and shampoos were made for hospitals. Patients who cannot get in the water use these soaps.

Staying Neat

Doing chores is not always a fun thing. But we have to keep our rooms and houses clean and neat. In space, astronauts live in a very small space. They have to keep their area clean in space just like we do on Earth.

In space, the astronauts wipe the walls, floors, and windows to keep them clean. They use a soap that kills germs. The astronauts also use wet wipes to wash things. They use the same kind of wipes and cleanser on their forks, spoons, and eating trays.

Astronauts have to take out the garbage, too. There are four trash bins on the Space Shuttle. Three are for dry trash and one is for wet trash. Wet trash is anything that could smell bad. Each trash container has a trash liner placed inside. It is like a plastic garbage bag. If the liner becomes full, it is closed. Then it is moved far away from the astronauts. The wet trash is closed up tight. It is then connected to a hose. The hose helps move bad smells away from the astronauts.

Astronauts must use a vacuum cleaner in space. The vacuum has a normal hose. It also has extra parts. These parts can clean areas that may be hard to reach. They also use it to keep dust out of the air filters. And sometimes things get loose. When things get loose, they float. Astronauts use the vacuum to “catch” floating objects that are out of their reach.

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Qualcomm Accidentally reveals Nokia 8 at CES 2017

Recently, two videos from the CES 2017 claimed that Qualcomm used Nokia’s yet-to-be-announced smartphone to demo its chipset.

nokia-8-ssht

Just a few days after two videos claimed that Qualcomm had accidentally revealed the next Nokia smartphone while demoing its latest Snapdragon 835 processor, the chip-maker has officially dismissed the report. The two videos, shared by Total Tech, which were shot at the recently concluded CES 2017 claimed to give a glimpse of what was touted to be the Nokia 8 smartphone running the latest processor.

However, Qualcomm has issued a statement to NokiaMob, in which it says, “We do not disclose details of our reference design. We’ve seen a few stories rumouring what we demonstrated in our CES booth to be a Nokia device, those reports are not accurate, our 835 demos were on our own reference design devices which we use to demo our Snapdragon SoC’s every year.”

With such a clear response that it was indeed a reference design and not a final product, the videos stand false at the moment. Nonetheless, one needs to take both sides of the story with a pinch of salt because if it is a reference design, it still has the possibility of turning into a final product.

The particular videos in question focused on the camera prowess of the purported Nokia 8 aka Nokia Supreme smartphone. In one video, the smartphone is said to feature a 24-megapixel camera with OIS and EIS support. The flagship smartphone is further claimed to come in a variant that will house a Snapdragon 821 chipset and a lesser megapixel camera. The second video goes on to talk about how the latest EIS 3.0 with the newer chipset offers more stability and lag-free camera recording capabilities. If the speculations are to be believed, the Nokia 8 could feature two front speakers, Super AMOLED quad HD display.

Earlier reports indicated that the rumored Nokia 8 smartphone could be the company’s response to high-end smartphones from the likes of Samsung and Apple. It is speculated that the Nokia 8, from the company’s first set of Android smartphones, could come with 6GB of RAM and 128GB of internal storage with option to further take up the storage.

HMD Global, which will now be selling and marketing Nokia-branded smartphones, officially announced that after the Nokia 6 there will be more devices coming from the brand. However, there has been no official word on the names or specifications of the anticipated smartphones. With the upcoming MWC 2017 scheduled to take place from February 27 to March 2, we could see the Nokia 8 making its debut along with two more Nokia smartphones which are believed to be variants of the recently launched Nokia 6. Although the Nokia 6 was touted to be exclusive to China when it was launched earlier this month, it is expected to soon head to India with a price tag of Rs 9,999, though some other leaks suggests that it may be priced higher at around $250, which is Rs 17,000 approximately.

BONUS VIDEO: CES 2017: Highlights from the start of the biggest tech show on Earth 

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Nokia 6 What a masterpiece First look

Nokia, Nokia 6, HMD Global, Nokia 6 launch, Nokia 6 China, Nokia 6 price, Nokia 6 features, Nokia 6 specifications, Nokia new smartphones, Nokia Android smartphone, HMD, Android Nougat, Qualcomm, CES 2017, MWC, Snapdragon 430, Android, samrtphones, technology, technology news Nokia 6 is powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 430 processor with 4GB RAM and 64GB internal storage (expandable up to 128GB via micro SD card).Nokia has finally made a comeback in the smartphone space with HMD Global revealing its first Nokia smartphone – Nokia 6 – in China. Nokia 6 runs Android Nougat, and will be exclusively available via exclusively through JD.com early 2017. It is priced at 1699 Yuan ( Rs 16,000 approx). The smartphone has a 5.5-inch full HD display with 2.5D Gorilla Glass coating.

Nokia 6 is powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 430 processor with 4GB RAM and 64GB internal storage (expandable up to 128GB via micro-SD card). There’s dual amplifiers speaker with Dolby Atmos technology for sound output. Nokia 6 features a 16MP PDAF rear camera with f/2.0 aperture and an 8MP front camera.

It is backed by a 3,000 mAh battery. The home button in Nokia 6 doubles up as a fingerprint sensor. Nokia 6 is a 4G-enabled smartphone that supports Bluetooth v4.1, Wi-Fi, GPS and USB-OTG. According to a press statement by HMD Global, more Android smartphones will be unveiled in H1 2017.

“Just a short while ago we announced the launch of HMD Global. From the outset we have stated that we intend to move with speed to establish a position as a player in the smartphone category and create products that truly meet consumer needs. The Nokia 6 is a result of listening to our consumers who desire a beautifully crafted handset with exceptional durability, entertainment and display features,” Arto Nummela, CEO, HMD Global said.

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HMD Global is a Finnish firm that owns the rights to sell Nokia-branded smartphones. It is said to working on four new smartphones having display sizes ranging from 5.0 to 5.7-inches. An earlier report suggested all these phones will be launched sometime in the second and third quarter of 2017. The firm has surprised us all by making its first Nokia smartphone available in the first quarter itself

 

Jai Hindh

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MSD You’ll always be my Captain: Kohli

Indian Test skipper Virat kohli, who is all set to take over the leadership across all formats, gave a “Thanks” to former Indian captain MS Dhoni. After Dhoni stood down from captaincy, Virat is expected to be full time limited over captain for India.

Virat Kohli, now a days is very active on Twitter. He paid tribute to MS’ glittering carrier as Indian captain and called Dhoni ‘a leader, whom a youngster wants around him.’ Further he added “You’ll always be my captian.” Kohli since his debut back in 2008 played under Dhoni. Let’s have a look what Kohli tweeted about Dhoni.

Hatts Off #MSd we are in tears to accept this bitter truth

#KP

Twitter Reactions: Cricketers Reactions As MSdhoni Quits as Captain

#MSD

c1vwy_vuaaau9vlOnly Word Which will Be remembered
HE is HE was an Selfless Cool Inspiring Individual
#KP

The Indian skipper MS Dhoni stepped down from limited-overs captaincy after staying at the helm for almost a decade. One of the finest captains to have ever played the game, he was the most successful captain ever in T20Is and the second most successful captain in ODIs.

This news came as a shock to the cricketing world as they expected him to continue till the Champions Trophy scheduled to take place in June this year. While the timing was apt, considering Virat Kohli’s growth as a leader in the traditional format, it was difficult to sink in the feeling that Captain Cool won’t be taking those marvel decisions behind the stumps anymore.
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Just as the selection for the England ODI series was round the corner, the BCCI released a statement, “Mahendra Singh Dhoni has informed the BCCI, that he wishes to step down as the captain of the Indian cricket team from the One Day Internationals and the T20 Internationals formats of the game,”

However, he’s still available for selection as a wicketkeeper-batsman. This hints that he might be looking for a longer run, which is possibly the 2019 World Cup. He can now bat without any added pressure and focus on piling up runs on a consistent basis. But again, it’s Dhoni and at the end of the day, you’d expect the unexpected from him.

Also read- Sakshi Dhoni leaves a special message for MS Dhoni

While the outpouring from the fans continued, many cricketers also joined in with gratitude towards Dhoni. He has been responsible for shaping a number of careers. He has backed many players with ability by giving them enough chances to succeed and prove their potential at the bigger stage. This indeed shows what a stature Dhoni has as the captain.

Here are some of the Twitter reactions by cricketers that took place regarding Dhoni stepping down from captaincy:

 Jai HoH

MS Dhoni Quits as Indian Captain

Mahendra Singh Dhoni quits as India captain; ODIs, T20s vs England to be his last series
cricket Updated:

Mahendra Singh Dhoni has quit as Indian cricket team’s limited overs skipper. The home ODIs and T20s against England will be Dhoni’s last international series. (Getty Images)
Mahendra Singh Dhoni has resigned as India’s cricket captain. He was leading the Indian team in ODIs and T20 ever since he retired from Tests on December 30, 2016.
Just like he did with his Test retirement in Australia, Dhoni caught everyone by surprise by announcing his retirement from the limited overs format of the game.
A man who has won virtually every international silverware, Dhoni was keen to lead India in the ICC Champions Trophy in UK in June this year.
That honour should automatically go to Test captain Virat Kohli, who was recently named captain of ICCODI Team of the Year, 2016.
Mahendra Singh Dhoni informed the BCCI that he wished to step down as the captain of the Indian cricket team from the limited overs formats of the game, said a statement from the Board. The 35-year-old from Ranchi played 283 ODIs and 199 of them as captain.
After Ricky Ponting and Stephen Fleming, Mahendra Singh Dhoni has played the third highest number of ODIs as skipper of the Indian cricket team.
BREAKING: @msdhoni has stood down as India ODI and T20I captain. He captained India in 199 ODIs and 72 T20Is. pic.twitter.com/ncaXSG46WM
— ICC (@ICC) January 4, 2017
Dhoni will be available for selection for the One Day and T20I series against England . The senior national selectors will pick the squad on Friday.
Dhoni played 73 T20 internationals and in the shorter formats of the game was considered as one of the best finishers of the game. Of the 73 T20s, Dhoni led India in 72 of them, a world record.
NEWS ALERT – Mahendra Singh #Dhoni steps down as #Captain of #TeamIndia. He will be available for selection for ODIs & T20Is vs England pic.twitter.com/2xM0eisdjq
— BCCI (@BCCI) January 4, 2017
Rahul Johri, Chief Executive Officer of the BCCI said, “On the behalf of every Indian cricket fan and the BCCI, I would like to thank Maherdra Singh Dhoni for his outstanding contribution as the captain of the Indian team across all formats.
“Under his leadership, Indian team has touched new heights and his achievements will remain etched forever in the annals of Indian cricket.”

Lenovo P2 with 5100 mAh Battery launch Next Week

 https://twitter.com/Lenovo_in/status/815897946340278274

 

Lenovo is teasing the launch of the Lenovo P2 smartphone on their twitter account.

The Lenovo P2 sports a massive battery capacity of 5100 mAh and still stays at only 8.3 mm in terms of thickness. The P2 also sports a 5.5 inch 1920 x 1080p Super AMOLED display along with a full metal unibody design. The Lenovo P2 runs on a Qualcomm Snapdragon 625 chipset with either 3 GB or 4 GB of RAM and storage options of 32GB or 64GB.

The phone is expected to launch between the Rs. 15000 to Rs. 20000 price mark. The phone has a 13 MP main camera and a 5 MP front camera. Lenovo has cleaned up the UI in the past phones and we expect the same with the P2. The phone does support dual-SIM capability with 4G and VoLTE and a microSD of upto 256 GB.

The massive 5100 mAh battery provides two days of un-interupted use, and the P2 will ship with a fast charger that will challenge the Dash Charge claiming to get a full charge on the large battery quickly.

https://twitter.com/Lenovo_in/status/815897946340278274

Lineage OS gets a new logo, to start 2017 after the death of CyanogenMod

Lineage OS gets a new logo, to start 2017 after the death of CyanogenMod

#Lineage OS

Image Credit: Lineage OS
By /  02 Jan 2017 , 12:38

Lineage OS, the new custom ROM initiative that will replace the now shut CyanogenMod has gained a new logo to kick off 2017. This development comes right after the project gained an official Gerrit account to help developers keep a track of the modifications being done to the code. Active development has already started with people making changes in real-time to the code. This pace of rapid development is sufficient to dispell the concerns regarding the survival of the popular ROM development community.

The new logo was uploaded on Lineage OS Github account and later the website was updated with the logo. The logo maintains the almost cyan-like colour from Cyanogen and has a symbolic representation of ‘fork’. The fork here is not the one you need to eat salad but instead, the fork here represents the forks, also known as variations to the original code or software or Operating System in this case.

This fork probably symbolises the split, yet the survival after the downfall of CyanogenMod or it could even represent the entire Android landscape in addition to the Linux development landscape.

Linux, just like Android has numerous distributions and forks made by independent developers or organisations according to their needs. This comes right after the team behind Lineage OS detailed their needs to have Build Slaves, Build and Build Mirrors for the project to reach the functioning capacity that it boasted during its CyanogenMod days. The company detailed that it will share the information when Weeklies or possibly nightlies will start.

New Rules To Apply For An Indian Passport Are Out. Here’s Everything You Need To Know

New Rules To Apply For An Indian Passport Are Out. Here’s Everything You Need To Know

The new rules have been introduced in various categories including orphaned children, single mothers, government employees and sadhus, among others.

Photos of New Rules To Apply For An Indian Passport Are Out. Here’s Everything You Need To Know  1/1 by Gunjan Upreti
Credits: Passportindia

Here are the key takeaways from new rules on passport application:

1. Proof of date of birth

Before

All applicants born on or after January 26, 1989, were mandated to submit a Birth Certificate as proof of Date of Birth (DOB).

Now

As per new rules, the passport authority has mentioned that eight different documents can now be submitted as proof of Date of Birth. These documents are:

• Birth Certificate (BC) issued by the Registrar of Births & Deaths or the Municipal Corporation or any other prescribed authority whosoever has been empowered under the Registration of Birth & Deaths Act, 1969 to register the birth of a child born in India.

• Transfer/School leaving/Matriculation Certificate issued by the school last attended/recognised by educational board and containing the DOB of the applicant.

• PAN Card issued by the Income Tax Department with the DOB of applicant.

• Aadhar Card/E-Aadhar having the DOB of applicant.

• The copy of the service record of the applicant of Government servant or the Pay Pension Order of the retired government Servants duly attested or certified by the officer-in-charge of the Administration of the concerned Ministry or Department of the applicant, having his Date of Birth (DOB).

• Driving licence issued by the Transport Department of concerned State Government, having the DOB of applicant.

• Election Photo Identity Card (EPIC) issued by the Election Commission of India having the DOB of applicant.

• Policy Bond issued by the Public Life Insurance Corporations/Companies having the DOB of the holder of the insurance policy.

2. Name of only one parent or legal guardian is required

A committee, comprising the officials of the Ministry of External Affairs and the Ministry of Women and Child Development, was earlier formed in order to examine various issues pertaining to passport applications where mother/child has insisted that the name of the father should not be mentioned on the passport and also issues relating to adopted children and children with a single parent.

The report has been accepted by the Minister of External Affairs.

Before

The names of both parents were mandatory to be provided at the time of applying for the passport.

Now

• The online passport application form now requires the applicant to provide the name of father or mother or legal guardian, i.e., only one parent and not both. This will let single parents apply for passports for their children without involving the other parent.

• The passport application form does not require the applicant to provide the name of her/his spouse in case of separated or divorced persons. Such applicants for passports will not be required to provide even the Divorce Decree.

3. Number of annexes reduced

• The total number of Annexes prescribed in the Passport Rule, 1980, has been brought down to 9 from 15. Annexes A, C, D, E, J, and K have been removed and certain Annexes have been merged.

• All the annexes that are required to be given by the applicants would be in the form of a self declaration on a plain paper. No attestation/swearing by/before any Notary/Executive Magistrate/First Class Judicial Magistrate would be henceforth necessary.

4. Married applicants will not be required to provide Annexure K or any marriage certificate.

5. Orphaned children who do not have any proof of DOB such as Birth Certificate or the Matriculation Certificate or the declaratory Court order, may now submit a declaration given by the Head of the Orphanage/Child Care Home on their official letter head of the organization confirming the DOB of the applicant.

6. In case of children not born out of wedlock, the applicant for the passport of such children should submit only Annexure G while submitting the passport application.

7. In case of issue of passport to in-country domestically adopted children, submission of the registered adoption deed would no longer be required. In the absence of any deed to this effect, the passport applicant may give a declaration on a plain paper confirming the adoption.

8. Government servants, who are not able to obtain the Identity Certificate (Annexure-B)/ No-Objection Certificate (Annexure-M) from their concerned employer and intend to get the passport on urgent basis can now get the passport by submitting a self-declaration in Annexure-‘N’ that he/she has given prior Intimation letter to his/her employer informing that he/she was applying for an ordinary passport to a Passport Issuing Authority.

9. Sadhus/ Sanyasis can apply for a passport with the name of their spiritual Guru mentioned in the passport application in lieu of their biological parent(s) name(s) subject to their providing of at least one public document such as Election Photo Identity Card (EPIC) issued by the Election Commission of India, PAN card, Adhar Card, etc wherein the name of the Guru has been recorded against the column(s) for parent(s) name(s)

 

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